Maine Lobster and Crab Baits

Marine Approved

  • Any Species in NEFMC Groundfish Complex (Gulf of Maine or Georges Bank)
  • Atlantic Cod (US East Coast & Canada East Coast)
  • Atlantic Herring (US East Coast & Canada East Coast)
  • Balao [Hemiramphus balao]; must be frozen (Florida/FAO 31)
  • Ballyhoo [Hemiramphus brasiliensis]; must be frozen (Florida/FAO 31)
  • Blackbelly Rosefish [Helicolenus dactylopterus] must be frozen (Uruguay)
  • Croaker (US East Coast)
  • Halibut (Atlantic & Pacific Ocean)
  • Gulf Menhaden [Brevoortia patronus]; must be frozen (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Jamaican Weakfish [Cynoscion jamaicensis]; wild caught, frozen, racks only (Suriname)
  • King Weakfish [Macrodon ancylodon]; wild caught, frozen, racks only (Suriname)
  • Kinky, aka rockfish, long/short spinyhead, idiotfish [Genus Sebastolobus]; must be frozen (US West Coast & Canada West Coast)
  • Lingcod (Atlantic & Pacific Ocean)
  • Mackerel [Scomber japonicus]; must be frozen if from China (US East Coast, Japan, Portugal and China)
  • Mullet [Genus Mugilidae] (US & Canada)
  • Orange Roughy (Australia & New Zealand)
  • Menhaden, aka pogie, bunker (US East Coast)
  • Patagonian toothfish, must be frozen (Australia and Argentina)
  • Pollock (Atlantic Ocean only)
  • Redfish (N. Atlantic Ocean & Pacific Ocean)
  • Red Alphonsino (NE Atlantic Ocean)
  • Roundnose Grenadier (NE Atlantic Ocean)
  • River herring, aka alewife, blueback herring (Maine)
  • Rockfish [Genus Sebastes]; must be frozen (US West Coast & Canada West Coast)
  • Sablefish (Alaska & Western Canada)
  • Skate (US Northeast Coast)
  • Shad (Maine)
  • Sole (US West Coast)
  • Southern Kingfish [Menticirrhus americanus];wild caught, frozen, racks only (Suriname)
  • Tuna (North Pacific Ocean)
  • Any species that was legally caught in Maine coastal waters, except as otherwise prohibited in regulation
herring bait
Herring is just one of a multitude of baits approved by the DMR for use in the lobster fishery. Photo courtesy of Ellsworth American.

Freshwater Approved

  • Carp (Maine)
  • Pickerel (Central Canada)
  • Suckerfish (Maine, Canadian provinces of Manitoba & Saskatchewan
  • Any freshwater species that was legally harvested in Maine

Marine Prohibited

  • Any salmonid fish species (prohibited pursuant to DMR Chapter 24.23)
  • Alphonsino (New Zealand) – Exotic pathogens
  • Atka Mackerel [Pleurogrammus Menopterygius] (North Pacific Ocean, Alaska) – Exotic pathogens
  • Bonito Panama (West Coast) – Exotic pathogens
  • Cobia (South Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea) – Unknown pathogen status
  • Cod (US West Coast & Canada West Coast)- Possibility of exotic agent
  • Eulachon Thaleichthys pacificus – Exotic pathogens
  • Flatfish (Pacific Ocean) – Possibility of exotic agent
  • Hake (US West Coast) – Exotic pathogens
  • Horseshoe Crab (Asia) – Possibility of invasives
  • Monkfish (FAO Major Fishing Area 27) – Exotic pathogens
  • Pacific Herring [Clupea pallasi] (Pacific Ocean) – Exotic pathogens
  • Pacific Sardine or South American Pilchard (US West Coast & Canada West Coast) – Exotic pathogens
  • Plaice [Pleuronectes platessa] (Netherlands, France, Germany) – Exotic pathogens
  • Pollock (Pacific Ocean) – Exotic pathogens
  • Red Gurnard [Chelidonichthys cuculus] (Netherlands, France, Germany) – Exotic pathogens
  • Snapper (Panama West Coast) – Exotic pathogens
  • Tilapia (Panama West Coast) – Exotic pathogens
  • Yellow Goosefish [Lophius Litulon] (FAO Major Fishing Area 61) – Exotic pathogens

Freshwater Prohibited

  • All Carp, including Asian Carp, grass carp, common carp, Amur carp, silver carp, largescale silver carp, bighead carp, black carp, goldfish, crucian carp, mud carp (Asia, US caught outside of Maine & Canada) – exotic pathogens. NOTE: Carp caught in Maine ARE approved.
  • Catfish (Asia) – Exotic pathogens
  • Mudshad (Central US & Virginia) – Unknown pathogen status
  • Sheepshead or Freshwater Drum (US & Canada) – Exotic pathogens
  • Farmed or Wild Tilapia (Africa, Asia, Florida, Latin America and Vietnam) – Exotic pathogens